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Institute of Animal Breeding and Biodiversity...


13 Akademicka Street, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
tel. (+ 48 81) 445-69-91, 445-65-81, 445-66-11



Institute of Animal Breeding and Biodiversity Conservation

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In 2017 from the merger of three departments: Department of Breeding and Biotechnology of Pigs, Department of Cattle Breeding and Genetic Resources Conservation and Department of Small Ruminants Breeding and Agricultural Advisory the Institute of Animal Breeding and Conservation of Biodiversity was created. The first head of the unit was prof. dr. hab. Tomasz M. Gruszecki (from 2017 to 2020) and now prof. dr. hab. Andrzej Junkuszew (from 2020) performs this function.
Structure of the Institute of Animal Breeding and Conservation of Biodiversity


• Sub-Department of Cattle Breeding and Genetic Resources Conservation
• Sub-Department of Small Ruminants Breeding and prof. T. Efner Research Station
• Sub-Department of Pig Breeding and Production Technology
• Laboratory for Organic Production of Food of Animal Origin
• Laboratory of Agricultural Advisory

 

The Sub-Department of Cattle Breeding and Genetic Resources Conservation continues the activities of the Sub-Department of Cattle Breeding established in 1952 as a part of the Department of Detailed Animal Breeding at the Faculty of Agriculture of UMCS. The organizer and the first head of the Department was prof. Zdzisław Zabielski.
The beginning of the existence of the unit dates back to 1945, when the Department of Detailed Animal Breeding and Department of Sheep Breeding, was established within the structure of UMCS. In 1952, the Department of Sheep and Horse Breeding was separated from the Department and since 1960 existed as the Sheep Breeding Department. After organizational changes Department of Sheep and Goat Breeding was created. Expanding the research profile and didactic offer became the impulse for the establishment of the Agricultural Advisory Laboratory in its structure on October 2010. The first head of the unit was prof. dr hab. dr h.c. Adam Domański (from 1952 to 1971), and then this function was performed by: prof. dr hab. Tadeusz Efner (1971-1985), prof. dr hab dr h.c. Czesław Lipecka (1985-2006), prof. dr hab. Tomasz M. Gruszecki (2006-2020), prof. dr hab. Andrzej Junkuszew (from 2020).
Throughout all the years of existence of the unit, great importance was attached to the condition of the experimental and didactic base. In 1954 a sheepfold was organized in Uhrusk, and in 1977 a sheepfold was established in Bezek, which was incorporated into the unit in 1993. Since May 29, 2009, this facility has been operating as the Professor T. Efner Teaching and Research Station of Small Ruminants. The sheepfolds play the role of teaching and research facilities.
The Department of Pig Breeding and Production Technology was formally established in September 1997, although scientific and didactic work had been carried out since 1945 as part of the Department of Detailed Animal Breeding of the Faculty of Agriculture of Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, and then the University of Agriculture in Lublin. The head of the Department at that time was prof. Zdzisław Zabielski. In 1960, PhD. Jan Nozdryn-Płotnicki became the head of the newly created Pig Breeding Laboratory, which in May 1967 was renamed the Pig Breeding Department. In 1976, assoc. prof. Zygmunt Surdacki, who moved to work at the University from the Końskowola experimental station, took up the position. In the years 1993-2003 the Sub-department and later the Department was run by assoc.prof. Aleksander Walkiewicz. From 2004, the position of head was performed by assoc.prof. Andrzej Stasiak. In 2012, the position of head of the Department of Pig Breeding and Production Technology was assumed by prof.. Marek Babicz
During the functioning of the unit, and three professors received an honorary doctorate prof. Adam Domański in 1987, prof. Zygmunt Litwińczuk in 2011,2013,2016,2020 and prof. Czesław Lipecka in 2006.

 

Institute of Animal Breeding and Conservation of Biodiversity carries out research in the field of:
1. Restitution of Sandomierska goat and White-backed cattle
2. Improving the dairy and meat performance of cattle, sheep and goats populations,
3. Biodiversity, protection of genetic resources and assessment of genetic variability of cattle, sheep, goats and pigs populations
4. Organic cattle, sheep and goats breeding systems
5. The quality of milk and beef depending on different operating systems
6. Genetic and environmental determinants of cattle, goat, sheep and pigs productivity
7. Assessment of functional features of cattle, in particular: longevity, fertility and conformation
8. Searching for genes conditioning functional traits
9. Welfare and health assessment of cattle, goat, sheep and pigs
10. Cattle, goat, sheep and pigs behaviour
11. Effect of parasite infection on growth and slaughter value of lambs
12. Protection of sheep herds against parasites
13. Improving the reproductive performance of sheep and goats using the laparoscopic technique
14. Evaluation of genetic parameters using new statistical methods
15. The analysis of physiological and morphological parameters of the blood tested to assess the welfare of animals used in active protection of environment
16. The analysis of expression of mRNA of selected genes and proteins in blood
17. Breeding and husbandry of Pulawska pigs under the Programme for conservation of genetic resources of native breed pigs
18. Assessment of the genetic profile of pig breeds kept in Poland
19. Analysis of the impact of individual markers on the utility value of pigs (reproductive, fattening and slaughter)
20. Possibility of adjusting the slaughter value and quality of pig meat to consumers’ requirements
21. Assessment of pork raw material in terms of the presence of defective meat and its culinary and processing suitability
22. Impact of the pig crossbreeding model on the slaughter value of hybrids
23. The use of Puławska pigs for the production of high-quality culinary raw materials and high-quality regional and traditional cold meats
24. The impact of genetic and environmental factors on the internal organs of pigs and the quality of pork offal
25. Assessment of fecundity and fertility in sows
26. Genetic and environmental determinants of dairy cattle productivity
27. Assessment of selected functional characteristics in dairy cows in an intensive and organic system
28. Body condition of dairy cows and its relation to the level of production and functional characteristics
29. Quality of organic milk and its determinants
30. Evaluation of the quality of organic milk and its suitability for processing
31. Technological and organizational aspects of the functioning of farms, with particular emphasis on those involved in milk production
32. Cattle behaviour in intensive and organic systems
33. The importance of the length of the dry period of cows for their performance and fertility
34. Analysis of consumer preferences on the organic food market
35. Lifespan and length of productive life of cows kept in an intensive and organic system
36. Production intensity and cows fertility
37. Microflora of the husbandry environment and animal health
38. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of the microflora of cheeses made on the basis of organic milk
39. Technological and organizational aspects of the functioning of farms
40. Microflora of the husbandry environment and animal health
41. Agricultural Advisory